Choosing a dog breed is always an exciting moment for the new owner. Here we list the pros and cons of the famous Pug Breed.

A pug is a medium-sized dog with a stocky, square build and a happy disposition. They have a short muzzle with a turned-up nose. A pug’s coat can come in a variety of colors including black, silver, apricot or fawn with black ears and a black muzzle. Their short tail curls over their back.


Pugs are the largest of the toy breeds. The males grow to be 12-14 inches in height; the females are slightly smaller than the males, reaching a maximum height of 10-12 inches. According to the Canadian Kennel Club standards, pugs should generally weigh 14-18 lb.

The Pug is recognizable by its chunky body, bulging eyes, undershot teeth and sleek coat. The coat can be fawn, silver black or apricot, and all have a black muzzle.

Pug’s will usually live for 12-15 years.


Some pugs may have an independent streak and for this reason may be a little harder to housetrain than some other breeds. Training in general may also be more difficult. He may be a slower learner than some breeds but is very eager to please and once he has learned a command he won’t forget it.


Pug grooming care in general is quite minimal. They have wrinkles on their nose which need to be cleaned periodically, depending on the season. I find their wrinkles get dirtier in spring and summer than during the winter. His ears should also be cleaned regularly.

Pugs can be heavy shedders, so regular brushing is necessary. As a dog with short hair he should only be bathed once or twice a year, with a mild shampoo, as needed. I use baby shampoo.

Feeding & Health

I found that even with daily excercise, my pug does tend to lean to the heavy side. After all pugs love food, any food and all food. Offer a pug food and he will be your best friend. Try to remember that your beloved pet is not a garbage can and needs a healthy diet. This can be somewhat difficult with a pug since they would give up everything, for just one little bite of that greasy cheeseburger.

Most dog breeds can be prone to certain ailments and the pug is no exception. They can suffer from eye problems, knee problems and are also prone to breathing problems, due to their short muzzle.


Pugs have a very good temperament, they are affectionate and extremely loving. Because they are very intelligent they have a habit of being roguish, cheeky and on occasion they can be quite strong-willed. So, it is important for a Pug owner to be able to deal with a animal that has the capability of being unruly at times. They are particularly prone to jealousy and ‘guarding’ behaviour. It is crucial that the Pug recognises its owner as the ‘pack leader’.

Pugs love everybody and everything. They want attention where ever they can get it. They love to sleep on the couch or by your feet. Your pug will never be too far from you and loves to be with his family. Car rides are a favorite for the pug.

The pug is a very loyal, happy dog breed. Personally, I have never seen aggression issues with them. They get along great with kids, as well as all other pets including cats and dogs. A true companion dog, they love nothing more than to be with their family.

As mentioned above, the Pug is renowned for its appetite and if permitted to it will eat until very obese. This again stresses the necessity for a strong human influence.

They will bore easily with only repetitive mundane instruction, so it is important to stimulate their brains by varying and advancing their training. Pugs are very sensitive dogs, so nothing more than a composed firm word is needed from their owner.

Pugs do not tend to be excitable, so they are not noisy like some small dogs. They are very sociable animals and are very good with people as well as other animals. They’re very loyal and, despite their size, make good guard dogs.

The Pug is a bit Stubborn – If one wants a dog that will obey their every command, a pug is not that kind of dog. Pugs are notoriously stubborn and because of this, they tend to be difficult to house break. Pugs also will refuse to obey their masters if they are not in the mood.

They can be lazy – Whether this is a con or a virtue, pugs are indeed very lazy dogs. They are not the kind of dogs that love to go jogging with their owners. Keep in mind that some pugs are loud snorers. Some people, however, may find that having a puppy that sleeps a lot a relief.

Pugs and Children

Pugs are a very good fit for a household with young children. Small in size, pugs nevertheless have large hearts and embrace children with good humor and patience. They are susceptible to high heat and humidity, however, and should be monitored when interacting with children outdoors in extreme weather conditions.

Should You Get a Pug?

If you are looking for a loyal companion, that does not grow too big and is always happy to see you, then the pug might be the perfect dog. He is not a marathon runner but with his laid-back personality, can do very well in a small apartment (check out here the best dog breeds for apartments), although he should be taken outside for, at the least, a half-hour walk a day.

If you have thoroughly researched this breed and decided that a pug might suit you and your family, try to find a reputable breeder in your area. They will be more than willing to answer all your questions and find the right puppy for you. With proper care a pug can spend the next 12-15 years keeping you company and putting a smile on your face.


Breed History

Pug dogs are a charming and headstrong breed of dogs that originated in ancient China sometime before 400 BC. Confucius wrote about “short mouthed dogs” as early as 551 BC; although it is uncertain exactly what breed he was referring to, it may have been an early pug or a predecessor. According to the American Kennel Club’s website, the pug is one of the oldest known dog breeds.

Bred as the monarch’s lap dog, the pug was known as the lo-chiang-sze or the foo (Statues of foos, with exaggerated lion-like features and bulging eyes, are still found outside of many Chinese temples.).

When a pug birth or whelping occurred, the Chinese would examine the characteristic forehead wrinkles of the pug for a “W” shape, which resembled the Chinese character for “prince”. Pugs developed initially as companions of royalty; one emperor, Ling To, actually gave his female pugs the same rank as his wives!

Their popularity gradually spread, first to Tibetan Buddhist temples, then to Japan and finally in the 16th and 17th centuries to Europe, beginning in Holland where they were known as Dutch mastiffs, dwarf mastiffs or Mopshunds. In 1860 a new wave of pugs was imported to Europe from China, leading to the modern pug body with shorter legs and the typical squished face look that pugs sport.

The nineteenth century saw the pug arrive in the United States. By 1885, the American Kennel Club had recognized the breed and in 1931 the Pug Dog Club of America was founded. The pug dog is the only breed with a motto officially recognized by the AKC- “Multum in parvo,” which means “much in little”- a reference to the fact that the breed’s body may be small, but its personality is huge.

Noteworthy Pugs

Pugs have been of note throughout history. According to a story published in 1618 in Sir Roger William’s Action in the Low Countries, a pug named Pompey saved the life of William the Silent, Prince of Orange, by waking his master at the approach of Spaniards and Hermingny in 1572. William’s tomb in Delft Cathdral includes an effigy of William with his beloved pug at his feet.

As recounted in The Empress Josephine, by Philip W. Sergeant, in 1790, Napolean Bonaparte’s wife, Josephine, used her pug Fortune as a secret courier while she was imprisoned, secreting messages to Napolean under his collar; the pug was the only relative with visiting rights.

In the 1800s, the pug served as a secret symbol of freemasonry in some European art, especially a series of porcelain pug figurings by the German sculptor Johann Joachim Kaendler.

Are Pugs Ugly?

Nowhere is it more true that ‘beauty is in the eye of the beholder’ than with the pug. Few animal breeds inspire so much debate from opposite sides of the spectrum about their attractiveness or lack thereof. If you find beauty in the unexpected, and cute in facial expressions more than in classic facial features, a pug may be for you.